• Gandhi Alone Is the ‘Father of India’

    Ram Puniyani

    October 3, 2019

    Trump is no scholar of history, ignorant of the fact as to why India regards Mahatma Gandhi as the ‘father of the nation’

    The ‘Howdy Modi’ event in Houston was an eye-catcher for more reasons than one. While Modi was saying ‘All is Well’ in India, thousands of protesters outside were showing the real mirror to the state of affairs in India. At the same time, United State President Donald Trump, while on one hand due to face the process of impeachment, was trying to promote his electoral prospects in the next US elections. As is his wont, he does flatter visiting dignitaries, for achieving goals of his diplomacy. He went on to praise Modi to the sky; as a great leader; saying, "I remember India before was very torn. There was a lot of dissension; fighting and he (Modi) brought it all together. Like a father would. Maybe he is the ‘father of India’."

    Right within US there are many views about Modi. The last time a similar debate cropped up was just before Indian General Elections of 2019. On the eve of the elections the premier US magazine Time came out with a cover story ‘Modi: the Divider in Chief’. Of course, in another article in the same issue of the magazine, he was presented as the one who is central to the process of economic reforms in India. What we see here in India and what the lead article of Time magazine presented was on the dot, the divisive role of Modi. The observation here has been that Modi’s coming to power has strengthened the divisive forces—the forces who want a Hindu nation. It is precisely these forces who have gone on rampage to unleash their agenda around Cow-Beef; the communal divisions have been deepened and identity issues have come to the fore like never before.

    The minorities are being alienated and dalits-adivasis are being marginalised. Even language-wise, idea has been floated to make Hindi as national language. The identity issues, which create emotive atmosphere and divide the people have been brought to the fore. While Trump is talking in one tone, the earlier hopeful in previous Presidential elections in America, Bernie Sanders in a tweet hinted that Trump is emboldening the authoritarian leaders like Modi—the leaders who are presiding over religious persecution, repression and brutality against minorities.

    Till a few years ago, Modi himself spoke a very divisive language. Now, this job has been passed down to his associates. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath’s anti-Muslim utterances abound. Anantkrishna Hegde, like many of his ilk, has been openly been talking of a Hindu nation. To add to the list, Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur, the accused in Malegaon blast—out on bail—has been praising Gandhi’s killer Godse among other things. Lately, the way in which Article 370 has been abrogated, has led to further alienation of the people of Kashmir.

    In a way Time magazine’s cover story did capture the state of things prevalent here. Trump is no scholar of history, ignorant of the fact as to why India regards Mahatma Gandhi as the ‘father of the nation’. Trump’s considerations are driven by his political contingency of gradually shifting America’s closeness to India. The reason for US favouring Pakistan in yesteryears was the compulsion of the Cold War era. Later, it kept siding with Pakistan as US designs of controlling the oil wealth of West Asia was its prime motive and Pakistan was made a part of American designs in West Asia. Now, with the emergence of China as a major power, and China being close to Pakistan, US gradually wants to become close to India. These may be some of the factors due to which Trump is making such utterances. But that’s not all about it. US is also keeping its relationship with Pakistan on some scale, and very shrewdly Trump did say that Modi had made aggressive remarks in the Houston rally. He seems to be buttering his bread from both the sides at present.

    Many a reaction to Trump’s formulations showed his hollowness. Gandhi’s grandson Tushar, tweeted that whether Trump will like to replace George Washington as one of the founding fathers of America?

    What Trump has stated has pained those for whom Gandhi is the ‘father of the nation’. Anyway, the followers of Modi’s ideology do not regard Gandhi as the father of the nation. Their argument is that India, the Hindu nation, has been there from times immemorial, so how can Gandhi be its father. Gandhi being the father of the nation also relates to the concept of nationalism. All those who were part of ‘India as a nation in the making’ see Gandhi as the central uniting figure. During the freedom movement, it was Gandhi who played the role of uniting the country which was scattered along the lines of religion, region, caste and language. Communalists like the followers of Muslim League saw Gandhi as a Hindu leader and those of the Hindu faction saw Gandhi as the appeaser of Muslims. Through a very complex process, India emerged as a Nation with the principles of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. Surely, the likes of Bhagat Singh, Ambedkar, Nehru and Patel played a great role in the making of a modern India. The process had multiple components, anti-colonialism being the core where the likes of Bhagat Singh inspired the idea and Gandhi led the greatest ever mass movement, directed against British Empire.

    It is due to this that Subhashchandra Bose on July 6, 1944, in broadcast from Singapore Radio, sought blessings of Gandhi, addressing him as Father of Nation. Sarojini Naidu on April 6, 1947, on the eve of Independence, addressed Gandhi as Rashtrapita (father of nation).

    So, where do we go from here. The Hindu nationalists are euphoric about what Trump said, and all those who identify with India’s struggle for Independence and uphold democratic values are in anguish due to this statement from the US President. Trump’s superficial observation is neither sound in the history of India nor in the knowledge of what is happening in India, it’s a mere diplomatic ploy to please the visiting leader.


    First published in NewsClick.

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